Termites, along with ants and some bees and wasps produce overlapping generations and take care of young collectively. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung, and about 10% of the estimated 4,000 species are economically significant as pests that can cause serious structural damage to buildings, crops or plantation forests.
Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed solely upon the blood of warm-blooded animals. Bed bugs and their relatives have evolved as nest parasites. Certain kinds inhabit bird nests and bat roosts and await the return of their hosts; others have adapted well to living in the 'nests' (homes) of people. Their color ranges from nearly white (just after molting) or a light tan to a deep brown or burnt orange.
Most Carpenter Ants that enter the home are black and can vary in length from 1/4 to 3/4 inch. Unlike termites, all carpenter ants have narrow waists and elbowed (bent) antennae. Carpenter ants are social insects which form large colonies. A mature carpenter ant colony may contain up to 3,000 individuals, but usually only one queen. Carpenter ants form nests in wood by tunneling against the grain. Coarse sawdust is present below the entrance of an active nest.
Pavement Ants are dark brown to blackish in color and average 1/8 inch in length. They get their name from making nests in or under cracks in pavement. They can infest structures. These ants will eat almost anything, including insects, seeds, honeydew, honey, bread, meats, nuts and cheese. Pavement Ants can be found in all 50 states.
Argentine Ants are shiny and dark brown to black in color and average 1/16 to 1/4 inch in length. Argentine ant colonies can grow to monumental size. The ant gives off a musty odor when crushed. They prefer to eat sweets but they will eat almost anything including meats, eggs, oils and fats. Argentine Ants can be found in AL, AR, CA, FL, GA, IL, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OR, SC, TN, WA.
|Odorous House Ants|
Odorous House Ants are brown or black in color and measure 1/16 to 1/8 inches in length. This ant gets its name from the strong, rotten coconut-like smell it gives off when crushed. Odorous house ants like to eat sweets, especially melon. Typically living for several years, these ants make their homes in exposed soil and wall cracks.
|Brown Recluse Spiders|
Brown Recluse Spiders are light to dark brown, with a characteristic dark brown violin marking on its back. These spiders are nocturnal and eat other bugs like cockroaches and crickets. Male brown recluse spiders wander farther than females and will crawl into shoes or other clothing. The brown recluse spider bite is painful and can produce an open, ulcerating sore. These spiders can be found in TX, LA, AR, OK, MO, KS, NE, IA, MO, IL, IN, OH, KY, TN, MS, AL, and GA.
|Black Widow Spiders|
Black Widow Spiders are black with a characteristic red hourglass shape on its back. Black widow spiders spin their webs near ground level and are found in protected areas, such as boxes and in firewood. The venom of a black widow is a neurotoxin and is used as a defense. The bite can cause severe pain and young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to a severe reaction. These spiders can be found in all 50 states.
The house mouse is considered one of the most troublesome and economically important rodents in the United States. House mice consume and contaminate food meant for humans, livestock, or other animals. They cause damage to structures and property, and they may transmit diseases such as salmonellosis (food poisoning). House mice are non-descript, brownish rodents with relatively large ears and small eyes. They weigh about 1/2 ounce and are usually light brownish to light grayish. An adult is about 5 1/2 to 7 1/2 inches long, including the 3 to 4 inch tail.
Fleas are small (1/16 to 1/8-inch long), agile, usually dark colored (for example, the reddish-brown of the cat flea), wingless insects with tubelike mouth-parts adapted to feeding on the blood of their hosts. Their legs are long, the hind pair well adapted for jumping (vertically up to seven inches (18 cm); horizontally thirteen inches - around 200 times their own body length, making the flea one of the best jumpers of all known animals. Their bodies are laterally compressed (human anatomical terms), permitting easy movement through the hairs or feathers on the host's body (or in the case of humans, under clothing).
The German Cockroach is the most common cockroach found in homes, apartments, restaurants, supermarkets, hospitals and other buildings where food is stored, prepared or served. They can develop into large populations and live throughout the home, especially in kitchens and bathrooms. A significant number of people are allergic to cockroaches, and may exhibit chronic symptoms without realizing the cause of their watery eyes or runny noses. Cockroaches can also contaminate food with bacteria that can cause food poisoning, dysentery, or diarrhea.
The type of nest produced by wasps can depend on the species and location. Many social wasps produce paper pulp nests on trees, in attics, holes in the ground or other such sheltered areas with access to the outdoors. By contrast solitary wasps are generally parasitic or predatory and only the latter build nests at all. Unlike honey bees, wasps have no wax producing glands. Many instead create a paper-like substance primarily from wood pulp. Wood fibers are gathered locally from weathered wood, softened by chewing and mixing with saliva. The pulp is then used to make combs with cells for brood rearing. More commonly, nests are simply burrows excavated in a substrate (usually the soil, but also plant stems), or, if constructed, they are constructed from mud.
Native to Japan, the Japanese beetle was first introduced into the United States in 1916. The Japanese beetle occurs in all states east of the Mississippi River, with sporadic infestations reported in California, Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. Adult Japanese beetles feed on and damage some field crops, ornamental plants, shrubs, and garden plants. The larvae feed on roots of many turfgrasses, field crops, soybeans, ornamental plants, and vegetables including Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, bentgrass, corn, soybeans, tomatoes, and strawberries. Japanese beetle adults, approximately 1/2 inch in length, are metallic green with bronzecolored wing covers.
Adult mosquitoes are small, usually about 1/4 inch long, slender-bodied biting flies. Some mosquitoes, such as Psorophora, are larger, about 1/2 inch long. Adult males feed on flower nectar. Only adult female mosquitoes bite and feed on blood which is used to produce eggs. The eggs are laid near or in water and hatch into larvae that live in water, usually at or near the surface.